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PCMDI > Publications > Reviewed Literature Printer Friendly Version

Reviewed Literature

2010 – Authored

Bonfils, C., and B.D. Santer, 2010: Investigating the possibility of a human component in various Pacific Decadal Oscillation indices. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0920-1.

Duffy, P. Santer, B.D., and Wigley, T.M.L., 2010: Interpretations of climate change data. Physics Today, 62 (11), 10-11. doi: 10.1063/1.3265248

Santer, B.D., and S. Solomon, 2010: Stephen H. Schneider (1945-2010). EOS , 91 (41), 372. doi:10.1029/2010EO410005

Santer, B.D., and T.M.L. Wigley, 2010: Detection and attribution. In: Climate Change Science and Policy, edited by Schneider, S.H., A. Rosencranz, M.D. Mastrandrea, and K. Kuntz-Duriseti,. Island Press, Washington D.C., pp. 28-43.

Xie, S., R.B. McCoy, S.A. Klein, R.T. Cederwall, W.J. Wiscombe, E.E. Clothiaux, K.L. Gaustad, J.C. Golaz, S.D. Hall, M.P. Jensen, K.L. Johnson, Y. Lin, C.N. Long, J.H. Mather, R.A. McCord, S.A. McFarlane, G. Palanisamy, Y. Shi, and D.D. Turner, 2010: CLOUDS AND MORE: ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Data. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 13–20. DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2891.1

Xie, S., T. Hume, C. Jakob, S. Klein, R. McCoy, and M. Zhang, 2010: Observed large-scale conditions and diabatic heating and drying profiles during TWP-ICE. J. Clim., 23, 57–79. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI3071.1

2009 – Authored

Caldwell, P.M., H.-N. S. Chin, D.C. Bader, and G. Bala, 2009: Evaluation of a WRF Dynamical Downscaling Simulation over California. Clim. Ch. (in press), doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9583-5.

Duffy, P.B., B.D. Santer, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2009: Solar variability does not explain late-20th century warming. Physics Today, 49, 48-49.

Klein, S.A., R.B. McCoy, H. Morrison, A.S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, G. de Boer, M. Chen, J.N.S. Cole, A.D. DelGenio, M. Falk, M. Foster, A. Fridlind, J.-C. Golaz, T. Hashino, J.Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, M.F. Khairoutdinov, V.E. Larson, X. Liu, Y. Luo, G.M. McFarquhar, S. Menon, R.A. J. Neggers, S. Park, M.R. Poellot, J.M. Schmidt, I. Sednev, B.J. Shipway, M.D. Shupe, D. Spangenberg, Y.C. Sud, D.D. Turner, D.E. Veron, K. von Salzen, G.K. Walker, Z. Wang, A.B. Wolf, S. Xie, K.-M. Xu, F. Yang, and G. Zhang, 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 135, 979-1002. DOI:10.1002/qj.416

Santer, B.D., K.E. Taylor, P.J. Gleckler, C. Bonfils, T.P. Barnett, D.W. Pierce, T.M.L. Wigley, C. Mears, F.J. Wentz, W. Bruggemann, N.P. Gillett, S.A. Klein, S. Solomon, P.A. Stott, and M.F. Wehner, 2009: Incorporating model quality information in climate change detection and attribution studies. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901736106 .

Santer, B.D., and T.M.L. Wigley, 2009: Progress in detection and attribution research, in Climate Change Science and Policy. S.H. Schneider, A. Rosencranz, and M. Mastrandrea, Eds. (in press).

Williams, D.N., R. Ananthakrishnan, D.E. Bernholdt, S. Bharathi, D. Brown, M. Chen, A.L. Chervenak, L. Cinquini, R. Drach, I.T. Foster, P. Fox, D. Fraser, J. Garcia, S. Hankin, P. Jones, D.E. Middleton, J. Schwidder, R. Schweitzer, R. Schuler, A. Shoshani, F. Siebenlist, A. Sim, W.G. Strand, M. Su, and N. Wilhelmi, 2009: The Earth System Grid: Enabling Access to Multi-Model Climate Simulation Data. Bull.Amer.Meteor.Soc. 90, p. 195. DOI: 10.1175/2008BAMS2459.1

Zhang, Y., S.A. Klein, J. Boyle, and G.G. Mace, 2009: Evaluation of tropical cloud and precipitation simulations of CAM3 using CloudSat and CALIPSO data. J. Geophys. Res. 115, p.18, 2010 doi:10.1029/2009JD012006


CLIVAR Madden-Julian Oscillation Working Group (Waliser, D., K. Sperber, H. Hendon, D. Kim, E. Maloney, M. Wheeler, K. Weickmann, C. Zhang, L. Donner, J. Gottschalck, W. Higgins, I.-S. Kang, D. Legler, M. Moncrieff, S. Schubert, W. Stern, F. Vitart, B. Wang, W. Wang, and S. Woolnough), 2009: MJO simulation diagnostics. J. Clim. (in press).

Das, T., H.G. Hidalgo, M.D. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, D.W. Pierce, C. Bonfils, T.P. Barnett, G. Bala, and A. Mirin, 2009: Structure and Detectability of Trends in Hydrological Measures over the western United States. J. Hydrometeor. (in press).

Hannay, C., D.L. Williamson, J.J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, J. Olson, S.A. Klein, C.S. Bretherton, and M. Kohler, 2009: Evaluation of forecasted southeast Pacific stratocumulus in the NCAR, GFDL and ECMWF models. J. Clim. (in press).

Hidalgo, H., T. Das, M.D. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, D.W. Pierce, T.P. Barnett, G. Bala, A. Mirin, A.W. Wood, C. Bonfils, B.D. Santer, and T. Nozawa, 2009: Detection and attribution of streamflow timing changes to climate change in the western United States. J. Clim., 22, 3838-3855. doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2470.1

Hurrell, J., G.A. Meehl, D. Bader, T. Delworth, B. Kirtman, and B. Wielicki, 2009: Climate System Prediction. Bull.Amer.Meteor.Soc. (submitted).

Kim, D., K.R. Sperber, W.S. Stern, D. Waliser, I.-S. Kang, E. Maloney, S. Schubert, W. Wang, K. Weickmann, J. Benedict, M. Khairoutdinov, M.-I. Lee, R. Neale, M. Suarez, K. Thayer-Calder, and G. Zhang, 2009: Application of MJO simulation diagnostics to climate models. J. Clim. (submitted).

Meehl, G.A., A. Hu, and B.D. Santer, 2009: The mid-1970s climate shift in the Pacific and the relative roles of forced versus inherent decadal variability. J. Clim., 22, 780–792, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2552.1.

Morrison, H., R.B. McCoy, S.A. Klein, S. Xie, Y. Luo, A. Avramov, M. Chen, J.N.S. Cole, M. Falk, M. Foster, A.D. Del Genio, J.Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, M.F. Khairoutdinov, V.E. Larson, X. Liu, G.M. McFarquhar, M.R. Poellot, B.J. Shipway, M.D. Shupe, Y.C. Sud, D.D. Turner, D.E. Veron, G.K. Walker, Z. Wang, A.B. Wolf, K.-M. Xu, F. Yang, and G. Zhang, 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part II: Multi-layer cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 135, 1003-1019. DOI:10.1002/qj.415.

Pierce, D.W., T.P. Barnett, B.D. Santer, and P.J. Gleckler, 2009: Selecting global climate models for regional climate change studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 8441-8446. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0900094106

Randerson, J.T., F.M. Hoffman, P.E. Thornton, N.M. Mahowald, K. Lindsay, Y.-H. Lee, C.D. Nevison, S.C. Doney, G. Bonan, R. Stockli, C. Covey, S.W. Running, and I.Y. Fung, 2009: Systematic assessment of terrestrial biogeochemistry in coupled climate-carbon models. Glob. Ch. Biol. (in press).

Turner, A., K. Sperber, J. Slingo, G. Meehl, C.R. Mechoso, M. Kimoto, and A. Giannini, 2009: Modelling Monsoons: Understanding and predicting current and future behaviour. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Monsoons, Beijing China, Oct. 2008 (submitted).

Wang, W., X. Liu, S. Xie, J. Boyle, and S. McFarlane, 2009: Testing ice microphysics parameterizations in NCAR CAM3 using TWP-ICE data. J. Geophys. Res. (in press).

Woolnough, S.J., P.N. Blossey, K.-M. Xu, P. Bechtold, J.-P. Chaboureau, T. Hosomi, S.F. Iacobellis, Y. Luo, J.C. Petch, R.Y. Wong, and S. Xie, 2009: Modeling convective processes during the suppressed phase of a Madden-Julian Oscillation: Comparing single-column models with cloud-resolving models. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. (in revision).

Zeng, X., W.-K. Tao, M. Zhang, A.Y. Hou, S. Xie, S. Lang, X. Li, D. Starr, and X. Li, 2009: A contribution by ice neclei to global warming. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. (in press).

Zeng, X., W.-K. Tao, M. Zhang, A.Y. Hou, S. Xie, S. Lang, X. Li, D. Starr, X. Li, and J. Simpson, 2009: The indirect effect of ice nuclei on atmospheric radiation. J. Atmos. Sci. 66, 41–61, doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2778.1.


2008 – Authored

Bala, G., P.B. Duffy, and K.E. Taylor, 2008: Impact of geoengineering schemes on the global hydrological cycle. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 105, 7664–7669, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0711648105.

Bala, G., R. Rood, D. Bader, A.Mirin, D. Ivanova, and C. Drui, 2008: Simulated Climate near Steep Topography: Sensitivity to Dynamical Methods for Atmospheric Transport. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14807, doi:10.1029/2008GL033204.

Bonfils, C., P.B. Duffy, B.D. Santer, T.M.L. Wigley, D.B. Lobell, T.J. Phillips, and C. Doutriaux, 2008: Identification of external influences on temperatures in California. Clim. Ch., 87, 43–55, doi: 10.1007/s10584-007-9374-9.

Bonfils, C., B.D. Santer, D.W. Pierce, H.G. Hidalgo, G. Bala, T. Das, T.P. Barnett, M. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, C. Doutriaux, A.W. Wood, A. Mirin, and T. Nozawa, 2008: Detection and attribution of temperature changes in the mountainous western United States. J. Clim., 21, 6404–6424, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2397.1.

Boyle, J., S.A. Klein, G. Zhang, S. Xie, and X. Wei, 2008: Climate model forecast experiments for TOGA-COARE. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 808–832, doi: 10.1175/2007MWR2145.1.

Gleckler, P.J., K.E. Taylor, and C. Doutriaux, 2008: Performance metrics for climate models. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D06104, doi:10.1029/2007JD008972.

McClean, J.L., S. Jayne, M.E. Maltrud, and D.P. Ivanova, 2008: The Fidelity of Ocean Models with Explicit Eddies. In: Eddy-Resolving Ocean Modelling, M. Hecht and H. Hasumi, Eds., AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 170, pp.149–163.

Santer, B.D., P.W. Thorne, L. Haimberger, K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, J.R. Lanzante, S. Solomon, M. Free, P.J. Gleckler, P.D. Jones, T.R. Karl, S.A. Klein, C. Mears, D. Nychka, G.A. Schmidt, S.C. Sherwood, and F.J. Wentz, 2008: Consistency of modelled and observed temperature trends in the tropical troposphere. Int. J. Clim., 28, 1703–1722, doi: 10.1002/joc.1756.

Santer,B.D., Thorne,P.W., Hainberger,L., Taylor,K.E., Wigley,T.M.L., Lanzante,J.R., Solomon,S., Free,M., Gleckler,P.J., Jones,P.D. and others, 2008 “Consistency of modelled and observed temperature trends in the tropical troposphere.” International Journal of Climatology, 28, doi:10.1002/joc.1756

Sperber, K.R., and H. Annamalai, 2008: Coupled model simulations of boreal summer intraseasonal (30-50 day) variability, Part 1: Systematic Errors and caution on use of metrics. Clim. Dyn., 31, 345–372, doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0367-9.

Sperber, K.R., J.M. Slingo. D.E. Waliser, and P.M. Inness, 2008: Comment on "A Madden-Julian oscillation event simulated by a global cloud resolving model" by Miura et al. Science, 320, 612, doi: 10.1126/science.320.5876.612a.

Sperber, K.R., and D.E. Waliser, 2008: New approaches to understanding, simulating, and forecasting the Madden-Julian oscillation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 1917–1920, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2700.1.

Xie, S., J. Boyle, S.A. Klein, X. Liu, and S. Ghan, 2008: Simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds in forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D04211, doi:10.1029/2007JD009225.

Zhang, Y., S.A. Klein, C. Liu, B. Tian, R.T. Marchand, J.M. Haynes, R.B. McCoy, Y. Zhang, and T.P. Ackerman, 2008: On the diurnal cycle of deep convection, high clouds, and upper troposphere water vapor in the Multi-scale Modeling FrameworkJ. Geophys. Res., 113, D16105, doi:10.1029/2008JD009905.


Bala, G., R. Rood, A. Mirin, J. McClean, K. Achutarao, D. Bader, P. Gleckler, R. Neale, and P. Rasch, 2008: Evaluation of a high-resolution CCSM3 simulation with a finite volume dynamical core for the atmosphere. J. Clim., 21, 1467–1486, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2060.1.

Bader, D., C. Covey, W. Gutowski, I. Held, K. Kunkel, R. Miller, R. Tokmakian, and M. Zhang, 2008: Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations, A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (Synthesis and Assessment Product 3.1). Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Washington, DC, 124 pp.

Barnett, T.P., D. Pierce, H. Hidalgo, C. Bonfils, B.D. Santer, T. Das, G. Bala, A. Wood. T. Nozawa, A. Mirin, D. Cayan, and M. Dettinger, 2008: Human-induced changes in the hydrology of the western United States. Science, 319, 1080–1083, doi: 10.1126/science.1152538.

Byrne, D.A., and J. McClean, 2008: Sea level anomaly signals in the Agulhas Current region. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L13701, doi:10.1029/2008GL034584.

Rauscher, S.A., C. Covey, A. Henderson-Sellers, and F. Giorgi, 2008: Workshop report: Developing know-how on regional climate change research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 231–234, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2665.1.

Domingues, C., J.A. Church, N.J. White, P.J. Gleckler, S.E. Wijffels, P.M. Barker, and J.R. Dunn, 2008: Rapid upper-ocean warming helps explain multi-decadal sea-level rise. Nature, 453, 1090–1093, doi: 10.1038/nature07080.

Gillett, N.P., P.A. Stott, and B.D. Santer, 2008: Attribution of cyclogenesis region sea surface temperature change to anthropogenic influence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L09707, doi:10.1029/2008GL033670.

Lobell, D., and C. Bonfils, 2008: The effect of irrigation on regional temperatures: a spatial and temporal analysis of trends in California, 1934-2002. J. Clim., 21, 2063–2071, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI1755.1.

Lobell, D., C. Bonfils, and J.-M. Faures, 2008: The role of irrigation expansion in past and future temperature trends. Earth Interactions, 12, 1–11.

Lobell, D., C. Bonfils, L. Kueppers, and M. Snyder, 2008: Irrigation cooling effect on temperature and heat index extremes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L09705, doi:10.1029/2008GL034145.

Penner, J.E., W.M., A. Kumar, L. Rotstayn, and B.D. Santer, 2008: Effect of black carbon on mid-troposphere and surface temperature trends. In: Human-Induced Climate Change: An Interdisciplinary Assessment. M.E. Schlesinger, H.S. Kheshgi, J. Smith, F. De La Chesnaye, J.M. Reilly, C. Kolstad, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 426pp.

Pierce, D.W., T.P. Barnett, H.G. Hidalgo, T. Das, C. Bonfils, B.D. Santer, G. Bala, M.D. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, A. Mirin, A.W. Wood, and T. Nozawa, 2008: Attribution of declining western U.S. snowpack to human effects. J. Clim., 21, 6425–6444, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2405.1.

Pincus, R., C.P. Batstone, R.J. Patrick Hofmann, K.E. Taylor, and P.J. Gleckler, 2008: Evaluating the present-day simulation of clouds, precipitation, and radiation in climate models. J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:10.1029/2007JD009334.

Teixeira, J.B., B. Stevens, C.S. Bretherton, R. Cederwall, J.D. Doyle, J.C. Golaz, A. Holtslag, S. A. Klein, J. Lundquist, D.A. Randall, A.P. Siebesma, and P.M.M. Soares, 2008: Parameterization of the atmospheric boundary layer: A view from just above the inversion. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 453–458, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-89-4-453.


2007 – Authored

AchutaRao, K., B.D. Santer, M. Ishii, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, T.P. Barnett, D.W. Pierce, R.J. Stouffer, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2007: Simulated and observed variability in ocean temperature and heat content. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 10,768–10,773, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0611375104.

Bonfils, C., P. Duffy, and D. Lobell, 2007: Comment on "Methodology and results of calculating Central California surface temperature trends: evidence of human-induced climate change?" by Christy et al. (2006). J. Clim., 20, 4486–4489, doi:10.1175/JCLI4247.1.

Bonfils, C., and D. Lobell, 2007: Empirical evidence for a recent slowdown in irrigation-induced cooling. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 13,582–13,587, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0700144104.

Phillips, T.J., K. AchutaRao, D. Bader, C. Covey, P.J. Gleckler, K. Sperber, and K.E. Taylor, 2007: On the validity of climate models. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 88, doi:10.1029/2007EO100005.

Santer, B.D., C. Mears, F.J. Wentz, K.E. Taylor, P.J. Gleckler, T.M.L. Wigley, T.P. Barnett, J.S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, N.P. Gillett, S.A. Klein, G.A. Meehl, T. Nozawa, D.W. Pierce, P.A. Stott, W.M. Washington, and M.F. Wehner, 2007: Identification of human-induced changes in atmospheric moisture content. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 15248–15253, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0702872104.

Taylor, K.E., M. Crucifix, P. Braconnot, C.D. Hewitt, C. Doutriaux, M.J. Webb, A.J. Broccoli, and J.F.B. Mitchell, 2007: Estimating shortwave radiative forcing and response in climate models. J. Clim., 11, 2530–2543.

Zhang, Y., S.A. Klein, G.G. Mace, and J. Boyle, 2007: Cluster analysis of tropical clouds using CloudSat data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L12813, doi:10.1029/2007GL029336.



Annamalai, H., K. Hamilton, and K.R. Sperber, 2007: South Asian summer monsoon and its relationship with ENSO in the IPCC AR4 simulations. J. Clim., 20, 1071–1092, doi:10.1175/JCLI4035.1.

Bala, G., K. Calderia, M. Wickett, T.J. Phillips, D. Lobell, C. Delire, and A. Mirin, 2007: Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 6550–6555, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0608998104 .

Duffy, P., C. Bonfils, and D. Lobell, 2007: Interpretating recent temperature trends in California. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 88, 409–410.

Guo, H.J., J. Penner, M. Herzog, and S. Xie, 2007: Investigation of the first and second aerosol indirect effects on clouds during the May 2003 ARM intensive operational period at SouthGreat Plains. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D15206, doi:10.1029/2006JD007173.

Hollingsworth, J.L., R.E. Young, G. Schubert, C. Covey, and A.S. Grossman, 2007: A simple-physics global circulation model for Venus: Sensitivity assessments of atmospheric superrotation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05202, doi:10.1029/2006GL028567.

Liu, X., S. Xie, and S.J. Ghan, 2007: Evaluation of a new mixed-Phase cloud microphysics parameterization with the NCAR single column climate model (SCAM) and ARM M-PACE observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, doi:10.1029/2007GL031446.

Lobell, D., C. Bonfils, and P. Duffy, 2007: Climate change uncertainty for daily minimum and maximum temperatures: a model intercomparison. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05715, doi:10.1029/2006GL028726.

Mears, C.A., B.D. Santer, F.J. Wentz, K.E. Taylor, and M. Wehner, 2007: The relationship between temperature and precipitable water changes over tropical oceans. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L24709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031936.

Meehl, G.A., C. Covey, T. Delworth, M. Latif, M. McAvaney, J.F.B. Mitchell, R.J. Stouffer, and K.E. Taylor, 2007: The global coupled model dataset: A new era in climate change research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 1383–1394, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-9-1383.

Ming, Y., S.A. Klein, V. Ramaswamy, L.J. Donner, V.T.J. Phillips, P.A. Ginoux, and L.H. Horowitz, 2007: Modeling the interactions between aerosols and liquid water clouds with a self-consistent cloud scheme in a general circulation model. J. Atmos. Sci, 64, 1189–1209.

Rainville, L., S.R. Jayne, J.L. McClean, and M.E. Maltrud, 2007: Formation of Subtropical Mode Water in a High ­Resolution POP Simulation of the Kuroshio Extension Region, Ocean Modelling, 17, 338–356.

Thorne, P.W., D.E. Parker, B.D. Santer, M.P. McCarthy, D.M.H. Sexton, M.J. Webb, J.M. Murphy, M. Collins, H.A. Titchner, and G.S. Jones, 2007: Tropical vertical temperature trends: A real discrepancy? Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L16702, doi:10.1029/2007GL029875.

Zeng, X., W.K. Tao, M. Zhang, C. Peters-Lidard, S. Lang, J. Simpson, S. Kumar, S. Xie, J.V. Geiger, C.L. Shie, and J.L. Eastman, 2007: Evaluation of long-term cloud resolving modeling with observational cloudy data. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 4153–4177.


2006 – Authored

AchutaRao, K., and K.R. Sperber, 2006: El Nino/Southern Oscillation simulation in coupled ocean-atmosphere models: Are the current models better? Clim. Dyn., 27, 1–15, doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0119-7.

AchutaRao, K.M., B.D. Santer, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, D.W. Pierce, T.P. Barnett, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2006: Variability of ocean heat uptake: Reconciling observations and models. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C05019, doi:10.1029/2005JC003136.

Boyle, J., 2006: Upper level atmospheric stationary waves in the twentieth century climate of the Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D14101, doi:10.1029/2005JD006612.

Covey, C., P.J. Gleckler, T.J. Phillips, and D.C. Bader, 2006: Secular trends and climate drift in coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D03107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006009.

Gleckler, P.J., K. AchutaRao, J.M. Gregory, B.D. Santer, K.E. Taylor, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2006: The effect of volcanic eruptions on ocean heat content and thermal expansion. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17702, doi:10.1029/2006GL026771.

Gleckler, P.J., B.D. Santer, T.M.L. Wigley, J.M. Gregory, K. AchutaRao, and K.E. Taylor, 2006: Volcanoes and climate: Krakatoa's signature persists in the ocean. Nature, 439, 675, doi: 10.1038/439675a.

Gleckler, P.J., K.R. Sperber, and K. AchutaRao, 2006: The annual cycle of global ocean heat content: Observed and simulated. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C06008, doi:10.1029/2005JC003223.

Klein, S.A., J. Boyle, S. Malyshev, S. Xie, and X. Jiang, 2006: Diagnosis of the summertime warm and dry bias over the U.S. Southern Great Plains in the GFDL climate model using a weather forecasting approach. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L18805, doi:10.1029/2006GL027567.

McClean, J., M.E. Maltrud, and F.O. Bryan, 2006: Measures of the fidelity of eddying ocean models. Oceanography, 19, 104–117.

Phillips, T.J., 2006: Reproducibility of seasonal land surface climate. J. Hydromet., 7, 114–136.

Phillips, T.J., K. AchutaRao, D. Bader, C. Covey, C.M. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, P.J. Gleckler, K.R. Sperber, and K.E. Taylor, 2006: Coupled climate model appraisal: A benchmark for future studies. Eos Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 87, doi:10.1029/2006EO190002.

Phillips, T.J., and P.J. Gleckler, 2006: Evaluation of continental precipitation in 20th-century climate simulations: The utility of multi-model statistics. Water Resour. Res., 42, W03202, doi:10.1029/2005WR004313.

Santer, B.D., J.E. Penner, P.W. Thorne, W.D. Collins, K.W. Dixon, T.L. Delworth, C. Doutriaux, C.K. Folland, C.E. Forest, J.R. Lanzante, G.A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, D. J. Seidel, M.F. Wehner, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2006: How well can the observed vertical temperature changes be reconciled with our understanding of the causes of these changes? In: Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Karl, T.R., S. J. Hassol, C.D. Miller, and W. L. Murray, Eds., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, USA, 89–108.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, P.J. Gleckler, C. Bonfils, M.F. Wehner, K. AchutaRao, T. P. Barnett, J. Boyle, W. BrĂĽggemann, M. Fiorino, N. Gillett, J.E. Hansen, P.D. Jones, S.A. Klein, G.A. Meehl, S.C.B. Raper, R.W. Reynolds, K.E. Taylor, and W.M. Washington, 2006: Forced and unforced ocean temperature changes in Atlantic and Pacific tropical cyclogenesis regions. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 103, 13,905–13,910, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0602861103.

Sperber, K.R., and T. Yasunari, 2006: The 1st Pan-WCRP workshop on monsoon climate systems: Toward better prediction of monsoons. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 87, 1399–1403, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-87-10-1399.

Xie, S.C., S.A. Klein, J. Yio, A. Beljaars, C. Long, and M. Zhang, 2006: An assessment of the ECMWF analyses and model forecasts over the North Slope of Alaska using observations from the ARM mixed-phase arctic cloud experiment. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006509.


2006 Co-Authored

Bala, G., K. Calderia, A. Mirin, M. Wickett, C. Delire, and T.J. Phillips, 2006: Biogeophysical effects of CO2-fertilization on global climate. Tellus, 56B, 620–627.

Bala, G., K. Calderia, M. Wickett, T.J. Phillips, D. Lobell, C. Delire, and A. Mirin, 2006: Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 6550–6555, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0608998104.

Barnier, B., G. Madec, G. Penduff, T. Molines, J.M. Treguier, A.M. LeSoommer, J. Beckman, A. Biastoch, A. Boning, C. Dengg, J. Gulev, S. Derval, C. Durand, E. Remy, E. Talandier, C. Thetten, M.E. Maltrud, J. McClean, and B. deCuevas, 2006: Impact of partial steps and momentum advection, schemes in a global ocean circulation model at eddy-permitting resolution. Ocean Dyn., 56, 543–567.

Collins, W.D., M. Blackmon, C. Bitz, G. Bonan, C.S. Bretherton, J.A. Carton, P. Chang, S. Doney, J. J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, T. Henderson, W.G. Large, D. McKenna, B.D. Santer, and R.D. Smith, 2006: The Community Climate System Model: CCSM3. J. Clim., 19, 2122–2143, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3761.1.

Forster, P.M., and K.E. Taylor, 2006: Climate forcings and climate sensitivities diagnosed from coupled climate model integrations. J. Clim., 19, 6181–6194, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3974.1.

Jiang, X., N.C. Lau, and S. A. Klein, 2006: Role of eastward propagating convection systems in the diurnal cycle and seasonal mean of summertime rainfall over the U.S. Great Plains. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19809, doi:10.1029/2006GL027022.

Lin, J.-L., G.N. Kiladis, B.E. Mapes, K.M. Weickmann, K.R. Sperber, W. Lin, M. Wheeler, S. Schubert, A. Del Genio, L.J. Donner, S. Emori, J-F. Gueremy, F. Hourdin, P.J. Rasch, E. Roeckner, and J.F. Scinocca, 2006: Tropical intraseasonal variability in 14 IPCC AR4 climate models part I: Convective signals. J Clim., 19, 2665–2690, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3735.1.

Meehl, G.A., W.M. Washington, B.D. Santer, W.D. Collins, J.M. Arblaster, A. Hu, D.M. Lawrence, H. Teng, L.E. Buja, and W.G. Strand, 2006: Climate change in the 20th and 21st centuries and climate change commitment in the CCSM3. J. Clim., 19, 2597–2616, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3746.1.

Pierce, D.W., P.J. Gleckler, T.P. Barnett, K.M. AchutaRao, J.M. Gregory, and W.M. Washington, 2006: Anthropogenic warming of the oceans: observations and model results. J. Clim., 19, 1873–1900, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3723.1.

Pierce, D.W., P.J. Gleckler, T.P. Barnett, and E. Fetzer, 2006: Three-dimensional tropospheric water vapor in coupled climate models compared with observations from the AIRS satellite system. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L21701, doi:10.1029/2006GL027060.

Pincus, R., R. Hemler, and S.A. Klein, 2006: Using stochastically-generated subcolumns to represent cloud structure in a large-scale model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 3644–3656, doi: 10.1175/MWR3257.1.

Ramaswamy, V., B.D. Santer, M.D. Schwarzkopf, W.J. Randel, B.J. Soden, and G.L. Stenchikov, 2006: Anthropogenic and natural influences in the evolution of lower stratospheric cooling. Science, 311, 1138–1141, doi: 10.1126/science.1122587.

Stenchikov, G., K. Hamilton, R. Stouffer, B.D. Santer, A. Robock, V. Ramaswamy, and H.F. Graf, 2006: Arctic Oscillation response to volcanic eruptions in the IPCC AR4 19-20th century runs. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D07107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006286.

Stott, P.A., J.F.B. Mitchell, T. Delworth, J.M. Gregory, G.A. Meehl, and B.D. Santer, 2006: Robustness of estimates of greenhouse attribution and observationally constrained predictions of global warming. J. Clim., 19, 3055–3069, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3802.1.

Sun, D.Z., T. Zhang, C. Covey, S.A. Klein, W.D. Collins, H.J.J., J.T. Kiehl, G.A. Meehl, I.M. Held, and M. Suarez, 2006: Radiative and dynamical feedbacks over the equatorial cold-tongue: Results from nine atmospheric GCMs. J. Clim., 19, 4059–4074, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3835.1.

Webb, M.J., C.A. Senior, D.M.H. Sexton, W.J. Ingram, K.D. Williams, M.A. Ringer, B. J. McAvaney, R. Colman, B.J. Soden, R. Gudgel, T. Knutson, S. Emori, T. Ogura, Y. Tsushima, N. Andronova, B. Li, I. Musat, S. Bony, and K.E. Taylor, 2006: On the contribution of local feedback mechanisms to the range of climate sensitivity in two GCM ensembles. Clim. Dyn., 27, 17–38, doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0111-2.

Wigley, T.M.L., V. Ramaswamy, J.R. Christy, J.R. Lanzante, C.A. Mears, B.D. Santer, C.K. Folland, T.R. Karl, S.J. Hassol, C.D. Miller, and W.L. Murray, 2006: Executive Summary. In: Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Karl, T.R., S.J. Hassol, C.D. Miller, and W.L. Murray, Eds., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center, 1–14.

Wyant, M.C., S.A. Klein, C.S. Bretherton, J.T. Bacmeister, J.T. Kiehl, I.M. Held, M. Zhao, and B.J. Soden, 2006: A comparison of low-latitude cloud properties and their response to climate change in three AGCMs sorted into regimes using mid-tropospheric vertical velocity. Clim. Dyn., 27, 261–279, doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0138-4.

Zhang, C., K.R. Sperber, M. Dong, S. Guild, H.H. Hendon, E.D. Maloney, M.A., and W. Wang, 2006: Simulations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in four pairs of coupled and uncoupled global models. Clim. Dyn., 27, 573–592, doi: 10.1007/s00382-006-0148-2.


2005 – Authored

Bader, D., A. Bamzai, J. Fein, A. Patrinos, and M. Leinen, 2005: The community climate system model project from an interagency perspective. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 86, 309310.

Boyle, J.S., D. Williamson, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S. Xie, 2005: Diagnosis of community atmospheric model 2 (CAM2) in numerical weather forecast configuration at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement sites. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S15, doi:10.1029/2004JD005042.

Gleckler, P.J., 2005: Surface energy balance errors in AGCMs: Implications for ocean-atmosphere model coupling. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L15708, doi:10.1029/2005GL023061.

Klein, S.A., R. Pincus, C. Hannay, and K.M. Xu, 2005: How might a statistical cloud scheme be coupled with a mass-flux convection scheme? J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S06, doi:10.1029/2004JD005017.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, C. Mears, F.J. Wentz, S.A. Klein, D.J. Seidel, K.E. Taylor, P.W. Thorne, M.F. Wehner, P.J. Gleckler, J.S. Boyle, W.D. Collins, K.W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, M. Free, Q. Fu, J.E. Hansen, J.G.S., R. Ruedy, T.R. Karl, J.R. Lanzante, G. A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, G. Russell, and G.A. Schmidt, 2005: Amplification of surface temperature trends and variability in the tropical atmosphere. Science, 309, 1551–1556, doi: 10.1126/science.1114867.

Sperber, K.R., G. Gualdi, S. Legutke, and V. Gayler, 2005: The Madden-Julian oscillation in ECHAM4 coupled and uncoupled GCMs. Clim. Dyn., 25, 117–140, doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0026-3.

Xie, S.C., M. Zhang, M. Branson, R.T. Cederwall, A.D. Del Genio, Z.A. Eitzen, S.J. Ghan, S.F. Iacobellis, K.L. Johnson, M. Khairoutdinov, S.A. Klein, S.K. Krueger, W. Lin, U. Lohmann, M.A. Miller, D.A. Randall, R.C. Somerville, Y.C. Sud, G.K. Walker, A. Wolf, X. Wu, K.-M.. Xu, J.J. Yio, G.J. Zhang, and J. Zhang, 2005: Simulations of midlatitude frontal clouds by SCMs and CSRMs during the ARM March 2000 Cloud IOP. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S03, doi:10.1029/2004JD005119.


2005 – Co-Authored

Annamalai, H., and K.R. Sperber, 2005: Regional heat sources and the active and break phases of Boreal summer intraseasonal variability. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2726–2748.

Barnett, T.P., D. Pierce, K. AchutaRao, P. Gleckler, B.D. Santer, J. Gregory, and W. Washington, 2005: Penetration of human-induced warming signal into the world's oceans. Science, 309, 284–287, doi: 10.1126/science.1112418 .

Barnett, T.P., F. Zwiers, G. Hegerl, M. Allen, T. Crowley, N. Gillett, K. Hasselmann, P. D. Jones, B.D. Santer, R. Schnur, P. Stott, K.E. Taylor, and S.F.B. Tett, 2005: Detecting and attributing external influences on the climate system: A review of recent advances. J. Clim., 18, 1291–1314, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3329.1.

Eyring, V., N.R.P. Harris, M. Rex, T.G. Shepherd, D.W. Fahey, G.T. Amanatidis, J. Austin, M.P. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, P.M.D.F. Forster, A. Gettelman, H.F. Graf, T. Nagashima, P.A. Newman, S. Pawson, M.J. Prather, J.A. Pyle, R.J. Salawitch, B.D. Santer, and D.W. Waugh, 2005: A strategy for process-oriented validation of coupled chemistry-climate models. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, 1117–1133, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-86-8-1117.

Gibbard, S., K. Caldeira, G. Bala, T.J. Phillips, and M. Wickett, 2005: Climate effects of global land cover change. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L23705, doi:10.1029/2005GL024550.

Gordon, N.D., J.R. Norris, C.P. Weaver, and S.A. Klein, 2005: Cluster analysis of cloud regimes and characteristic dynamics of mid-latitude synoptic systems in observations and a model. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S17, doi:10.1029/2004JD005027.

Hatsushika, H., J. Tsutsui, M. Fiorino, and K. Onogi, 2005: Impact of wind profile retrievals on the analysis of tropical cyclones in the JRA-25 reanalysis. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 84, 891–905.

Kim, B.G., S.A. Klein, and J.R. Norris, 2005: Continental liquid-water cloud variability and its parameterization using ARM data. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15/S08, doi:10.1029/2004JD005122.

Liu, P., B. Wang, K.R. Sperber, T. Li, and G.A. Meehl, 2005: The Madden-Julian oscillation in the national center for atmospheric research community atmospheric model-2 with the Tiedtke convective scheme. J. Clim., 18, 3007–3020, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3458.1.

Meehl, G. A., C. Covey, B. McAvaney, M. Latif, and R. J. Stouffer, 2005: Overview of the coupled model intercomparison project. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, 89–93, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-86-1-89.

Pincus, R., C. Hannay, S. A. Klein, K. M. Xu, and R. Hemler, 2005: Overlap assumptions for assumed-PDF cloud schemes in large-scale models. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S09, doi:10.1029/2004JD005100.

Slingo, J. M., P. M. Inness, and K. R. Sperber, 2005: Modelling the Madden-Julian oscillation. Chapter 11 in Intraseasonal Variability of the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System. W.K.M. Lau and D. E. Waliser, Eds., Praxis Publishing, Chicchester, UK., 436pp.

Sudradjat, A., R. R. Ferraro, and M. Fiorino, 2005: A comparison of total precipitable water between reanalyses and NVAP. J. Clim., 18, 1790–1807, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3379.1.

Wigley, T.M.L., C.M. Ammann, B.D. Santer, and S.C.B. Raper, 2005: The effect of climate sensitivity on the response to volcanic forcing. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D09107, doi:10.1029/2004JD005557.

Wigley, T.M.L., C.M. Ammann, B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, 2005: Comment on "Climate forcing by the volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo" by David H. Douglass and Robert S. Knox. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20709, doi:10.1029/2005GL023312.

Williamson, D.L., J. Boyle, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, and J. Olson, 2005: Moisture and temperature balances at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains Site in forecasts with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM2). J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S16, doi:10.1029/2004JD005109.

Xu, K.M., M. Zhang, Z.A. Eitzen, S.J. Ghan, X. Wu, S. Xie, M. Branson, A.D. Del Genio, S.F. Iacobellis, M. Khairoutdinov, W. Lin, U. Lohmann, D.A. Randall, R.C. J. Somerville, Y.C. Sud, G.K. Walker, A. Wolf, J.J. Yio, and J. Zhang, 2005: Modeling springtime shallow frontal clouds with cloud-resolving and single-column models. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S04, doi:10.1029/2004JD005153.

Zhang, M.H., S. Klein, D.A. Randall, R. Cederwall, and A. Del Genio, 2005: Introduction to special section on Toward reducing cloud-climate uncertainties in atmospheric general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res., 110. D15S01, doi:10.1029/2005JD005923.

Zhang, M.H., W.Y. Lin, S.A. Klein, J.T. Bacmeister, S. Bony, R.T. Cederwall, A.D. Del Genio, J.J. Hack, N.G. Loeb, U. Lohmann, P. Minnis, I. Musat, R. Pincus, P. Stier, M.J. Suarez, M.J. Webb, J.B. Wu, S.C. Xie, M.S. Yao, and J.H. Zhang, 2005: Comparing clouds and their seasonal variations in 10 atmospheric general circulation models with satellite measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S02, doi:10.1029/2004JD005021.


2004 - Authored

Covey, C., K.M. AchutaRao, P.J. Gleckler, T.J. Phillips, K.E. Taylor, and M.F. Wehner, 2004: Coupled ocean-atmosphere climate simulations compared with simulations using prescribed sea surface temperature: effect of a 'perfect ocean'. Global and Planet. Ch., 41, 1–14.

Phillips, T.J., and P.J. Gleckler, 2004: Evaluation of continental precipitation in 20th-century climate simulations. Water Resour. Res., 42, W03202, doi:10.1029/2005WR004313.

Phillips, T.J., G.L. Potter, D.L. Williamson, R.T. Cederwall, J. S. Boyle, M. Fiorino, J.J. Hnilo, J.G. Olson, S. Xie, and J.J. Yio, 2004: Evaluating parameterizations in general circulation models: Climate simulation meets weather prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 1903–1915, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-85-12-1903.

Santer, B.D., M.F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R. Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington, J.S. Boyle, and W. Bruggemann, 2004: Response to comment on "Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes". Science, 303, 1771, doi: 10.1126/science.1092441 .

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and R. Ragaini, 2004: New fingerprints of human effects on climate. In: International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 30th Session, World Scientific Publishing, New Jersey, 69–85. DOI:10.1142/9789812702753_0008

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, A. Simmons, P. Kalberg, G. Kelly, S. Uppala, C. Ammann, J.S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, C. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, C. Mears, G.A. Meehl, R. Sausen, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, M.F. Wehner, and F.J. Wentz, 2004: Identification of anthropogenic climate change using a second-generation reanalysis. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D21104, doi:10.1029/2004JD005075.

Sperber, K.R., 2004: Madden-Julian Variability in NCAR CAM2.0 and CCSM2.0. Clim. Dyn., 23, 259–278, doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0447-4.

Xie, S.C., M.H. Zhang, J.S. Boyle, R.T. Cederwall, G.L. Potter, and W.Y. Lin, 2004: Impact of a revised convective triggering mechanism on CAM2 model simulations: results from short-range weather forecasts. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D14102, doi:10.1029/2004JD004692.


2004 – Co-Authored

Coquard, J., P.B. Duffy, K.E. Taylor, and J.P. Iorio, 2004: Present and future surface climate in the western USA as simulated by 15 global climate models. Clim. Dyn., 23, 455–472, doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0437-6.

Gillett, N.P., B.D. Santer, and A.J. Weaver, 2004: Stratospheric cooling and the troposphere. Nature, 432, doi:10.1038/nature 03209.

Hannachi, A., D.B. Stephenson, and K.R. Sperber, 2004: Probability-based methods for quantifying nonlinearity in the ENSO (Erratum). Clim. Dyn., 22, 69–70, doi: 10.1007/s00382-003-0377-6.

Seidel, D. J., J. Angell, et al., 2004: Uncertainty in signals of large-scale climate variations in radiosonde and satellite upper-air temperature datasets. J. Clim., 17, 2225-2240, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<2225:UISOLC>2.0.CO;2.


2003 – Authored

Covey, C., K.M. AchutaRao, U. Cubasch, P. Jones, S.J. Lambert, M.E. Mann, T.J. Phillips, and K.E. Taylor, 2003: An overview of results from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. Glob. Planet. Ch., 37, 103–133.

Santer, B.D., J.S. Boyle, R. Sausen, T.M.L. Wigley, K. AchutaRao, C. Doutriaux, J.E. Hansen, G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, R. Ruedy, S.G., and K.E. Taylor, 2003: Behavior of tropopause height and atmospheric temperature in models, reanalyses, and observations: Decadal changes. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4002, doi:10.1029/2002JD002258.

Santer, B.D., K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, G.A. Meehl, M.F. Wehner, C. Mears, M. Schabel, F.J. Wentz, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, T. Bettge, W.M. Washington, J.S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, and C. Doutriaux, 2003: Influence of satellite data uncertainties on the detection of externally-forced climate change. Science, 300, 1280–1284, doi:10.1126/science.1082393.

Santer, B.D., M.F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R. Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington, J.S. Boyle, and W. BrĂĽggemann, 2003: Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes. Science, 301, 479–483, doi:10.1126/science.1084123.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, G.A. Meehl, M.F. Wehner, C. Mears, M. Schabel, F.J. Wentz, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, T. Bettge, W.M. Washington, K.E. Taylor, J.S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, and C. Doutriaux, 2003: Response to J.R. Christy and R.W. Spencer. Science, 301, 1047–1049, doi: 10.1126/science.301.5636.1046.

Sperber, K.R., 2003: Propagation and the vertical structure of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 3018–3037, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<3018:PATVSO>2.0.CO;2.


2003 – Co-Authored

Black, E., J. Slingo, and K.R. Sperber, 2003: East African rainfall and Indian Ocean SST. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 74–94, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0074:AOSOTR>2.0.CO;2.

Duffy, P.B., B. Govindasamy, J.P. Iorio, J. Milovich, K.R. Sperber, K.E. Taylor, M.F. Wehner, and S.L. Thompson, 2003: High resolution simulations of global climate, part 1: present climate. Clim. Dyn., 21, 371–390, doi: 10.1007/s00382-003-0339-z.

Hanachi, A., D. B. Stephenson, and K. R. Sperber, 2003: Probability-based methods for quantifying nonlinearity in the ENSO. Clim. Dyn., 20, 241–256, doi: 10.1007/s00382-002-0263-7.

Hodges, K.I., B.J. Hoskins, J. Boyle, and C. Thorncroft, 2003: A comparison of recent reanalysis datasets using objective feature tracking: storm tracks and tropical Easterly waves. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2012–2037, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<2012:ACORRD>2.0.CO;2.

Penner, J.E., S.Y. Zhang, and C.C. Chuang, 2003: Soot and smoke aerosol may not warm climate, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4657, doi:10.1029/2003JD003409.

Sausen, R., and B.D. Santer, 2003: Use of changes in tropopause height to detect human influences on climate. Meteor. Z., 12, 131–136.DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2003/0012-0131

Smith, R.L., T.M.L. Wigley, and B.D. Santer, 2003: A bivariate time series approach to anthropogenic trend detection in hemispheric mean temperatures. J. Clim., 16, 1228–1240, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2003)16<1228:ABTSAT>2.0.CO;2.


2002 - Authored

AchutaRao, K., K.R. Sperber, and CMIP Participants, 2002: Simulation of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: Results from the coupled model intercomparison project. Clim. Dyn., 19, 191–209, doi: 10.1007/s00382-001-0221-9.

Covey, C., M.C. MacCracken, and J. Perry, 2002: Asteroids and comets, effects on Earth, In: Encyclop. Glob. Env. Ch., Vol. 1, John Wiley and Sons, T. Munn, et.al., Eds., 205–211.

Covey, C.C., and et. al, 2002: Comment on thermal pollution causes global warming by B. Nordell. Glob. Planet. Ch., 47, 72.

Xie, S.C., and 23 Co-authors, 2002: Intercomparison and evaluation of cumulus parameterization under summertime mid-latitude continental conditions. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 128, 1095–1136, doi: 10.1256/003590002320373229.


2002 – Co-Authored

Davey, M., M. Huddleston, K. R. Sperber, and participants, 2002: STOIC: a study of coupled model climatology and variability in tropical ocean regions. Clim. Dynam., 18, 403–420, doi: 10.1007/s00382-001-0188-6.

Dickinson, R. E., K.E. Taylor, S.E. Zebiak, J.L. Anderson, M.L. Blackmon, C. DeLuca, T.F. Hogan, M. Iredell, M. Ji, R.B. Rood, and M.J. Suarez, 2002: How can we advance our weather and climate models as a community? Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 431–434, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2002)083<0431:HCWAOW>2.3.CO;2.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, B.D. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Wilson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, 2002: Climate forcings in GISS SI2000 simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 4347. doi:10.1029/2001JD001143

Lambert, S.J., J. Shen, and J. Boyle, 2002: Winter cyclone frequencies in thirteen models participating in the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP). Clim. Dyn., 19, 1–16, doi: 10.1007/s00382-001-0206-8.

Xu, K.M., R.T. Cederwall, and S.C. Xie, 2002: An Intercomparison of cloud-resolving models with the ARM summer 1997 IOP data. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 128, 593–624, doi: 10.1256/003590002321042117.




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